By Gad Masereka
Various world leaders, including President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, NAM Chairperson, Turkey’s Vice President Cevdet Yılmaz, H.E. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission, and H.E. Dennis Francis, President of the UN General Assembly, have come together to champion a two-state solution for resolving the Israel-Hamas conflict in Gaza. The call underscores the pressing need for humanitarian aid, the protection of human rights, and an end to the ongoing war.
Cuba’s Vice President, Salvador Valdés Mesa, went a step further by condemning the support of the conflict by Western powers, emphasizing the gravity of the situation.
The proposed two-state solution envisions the establishment of independent states – Israel for the Jewish people and Palestine for the Palestinians, predominantly in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Although widely endorsed internationally, the success of this proposal hinges on addressing key issues such as borders, the status of Jerusalem, and the presence of Israeli settlements in occupied territories.
During the Non-Aligned Movement summit in Kampala, Cuba’s Vice President urged NAM to leverage its influence to convene a special session of the UN General Assembly. The proposal, however, faces challenges such as the right of return for Palestinian refugees. Despite being a focal point for peace negotiations, progress has been hindered by ongoing violence, settlement expansion, and political disputes.
Support for the two-state solution has dwindled among Israelis and Palestinians, with some questioning its viability given changing realities on the ground. The ultimate feasibility of this solution rests on the political will and compromise demonstrated by both Israel and Palestine, as leaders continue to work towards a lasting resolution to the conflict.